It is generally accepted that Africa has had its own fair share of bloodiest wars globally that have nothing to do with liberation struggles.
Unlike the bloody wars on the European continent where the fights have been over power and economic influence, the African situation remains tied around the control over economically advantaged regions.
The fights over such mineral-rich tracts of land were usually instigated after colonial powers left the countries.
From the time of the cold wars to the present time, these wars have not been completely divorced from external economic interests that fueled wars that have ravaged the continent leaving millions of displaced while other have taken refuge in foreign lands.
Among the many theories attempting to explain these wars is the theory of conflict diamonds, which as the name may suggest are diamonds illegally mined or sold to finance some of Africa's worst civil wars.
And for a long time, the world watched while in some cases, major economic powers of the world greatly benefited from the sad African situation at the expense of the indigenous people whose huts were built on top of the huge diamond deposits and yet remained on the extreme side of the poverty equation. The situation in Zambia's northern neighbour, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo Brazzaville, Angola, Sierra Leone and Liberia are some of the living testimonies of the atrocities that besieged the continent just because it has a rich mineral resource capable of starting the continental economic boom but only when they were used to the benefit of the locals in peaceful manner.
But after years of such devastating wars, movements have emerged aimed at addressing this problem with a clear realisation that it is the rough diamonds mined by rebel movements in the war torn countries that were used to fuel conflicts.
Read the rest of the story at http://allafrica.com/stories/200503150018.html