Amnesty International Wednesday accused the Brazilian Government of failing to guarantee and enforce the rights of Brazilian Indians to their lands, leaving indigenous people poverty-stricken, and generating the hostilities which led to the massacre of 29 illegal diamond miners a year ago.
The Amnesty study "Foreigners in our own country": Indigenous Peoples in Brazil, which was released Wednesday, asserts that the campaign of violence against Brazilian Indians has involved businesses and prospectors who mine in indigenous territories as well as ranchers, logging companies and the military.
"Impunity for human rights violations in Brazil is pervasive and persistent," Amnesty International asserted. "In addition to the violence that is so often generated in the context of land disputes, Indians also suffer when there is a failure by the State to protect them from invaders on their land, as was the case in the Cinta Larga Roosevelt territory in 2004."
Cinta Larga Indians allegedly massacred 29 illegal diamond miners last April in what is believed to be a dispute over mining revenues. Brazil's Mines and Energy Ministry estimated that $2 billion worth of diamonds have been mined on the 2.7-million hectare reserve. The massacre generated questions concerning who owns the region's mineral resources, what law applies on the reservation, and when and how mining exploration may be conducted on indigenous lands.
Read the rest of the story at http://www.mineweb.net/sections/sustainable_mining/428463.htm